Tequila is the distilled spirit from the heart (piña) of the Blue Agave plant.
The agave plant is not a cactus, as many people think, but a succulent closely related to the lily and amaryllis families.
Tequila took on the name of the city in northwest Mexico where it was first made.
Mezcal is a Tequila type spirit made from other species of Agave or from outside the delimited Tequila area. Mezcal can be very pungent.
- Silver (Plata, Blanco)– is unaged white Tequila, bottled right after distillation or after settling for no more than 2 months in stainless steel tanks.
- Gold (Joven, Abacado)– is either unaged, but colored with caramel, or a blend of white and aged Tequila. Both methods help in softening and adding color to the Tequila
- Reposado (rested)– has been resting in oak barrels for a minimum of 2 months but no more than 12 months.
- Añejo (aged)– has been aged in oak barrels for a minimum of 1 year but no more than 3 years.
- Extra Añejo (Extra aged)– has been aged in oak barrels at least 3 years. This is a new category as of 2005.